30 CFR § 44.16 Application for temporary relief; relief to give effect to the proposed decision and order.
(a)Time for filing. An application for temporary relief from
enforcement of a mandatory standard may be filed at any time before a
proposed decision and order is issued on a petition for modification and
shall be served upon all parties to the proceeding.
(b)With whom filed. The application shall be filed with and decided
by the appropriate Administrator.
(c)Investigation and decision. Upon receipt of an application for
temporary relief, the Administrator shall cause an investigation to be made
as to the merits of the application. As soon thereafter as practicable, but
in no event greater than 60 days from filing of the application, the
Administrator shall issue a decision. If the Administrator does not issue a
decision within 60 days of filing of the application, the application shall
be deemed to be denied.
(d)Contents of application. An application for temporary relief
shall comply with applicable general requirements of this part, state the
specific relief requested, and include specific evidence showing how the
applicant meets the criteria set forth in paragraph (e) of this section.
(e)Criteria. Before temporary relief is granted, the applicant must
clearly show that
(1) The application was filed in good faith;
(2) The requested relief will not adversely affect the
health or safety of miners in the affected mine;
(3) An identifiable hazard to miners exists in the mine
which is caused by application of the standard at the mine;
(4) Other means will be used to reasonably address the
hazard against which the original standard was designed to protect; and
(5) Compliance with the standard while the petition for
modification is pending will expose miners to the identifiable hazard upon
which the application is based.
(f)Response. All parties to the proceeding in which an application
for temporary relief has been filed shall have 15 days from receipt of the
application to file a written response with the Administrator.
(g)Evidence. An application for temporary relief or a response to
such an application may be supported by affidavits or other evidentiary
(h)Findings. Temporary relief may be granted by the Administrator
upon a finding that application of the standard at the mine will result in a
diminution of safety to the miners at such mine.
(i)Appeal to the Office of the Administrative Law Judges. If the
application for temporary relief is granted by the Administrator, any other
party may request a hearing within 15 days of the Administrator's decision.
The request shall be addressed to the Administrator and shall be referred by
the Administrator, along with the petition for modification, to the Chief
Administrative Law Judge in accordance with §44.15. The hearing and decision
of the presiding administrative law judge shall be in accordance with
subparts C through E of this part. After referral of the petition for
modification and application for temporary relief, no further decision shall
be rendered by the Administrator.
(j)Duration of relief. An order granting temporary relief shall be
effective until superseded by the Administrator's proposed decision and
order, unless a hearing is requested in accordance with paragraph (i) of
this section. If such hearing is requested, the temporary relief shall
remain in effect until modified, affirmed or set aside by the presiding
administrative law judge. In no case, however, shall the Administrator's
order remain in effect for more than one year, unless renewed or affirmed by
the presiding administrative law judge.
(k)Application for relief to give effect to the proposed decision
and order. At any time following the proposed decision and order of the
Administrator on the accompanying petition for modification, any party may
request relief to give effect to the proposed decision and order until it
(l) An application for relief under paragraph (k) shall be filed with
the Administrator and shall include a good faith representation that no party
is expected to contest the granting of the petition for modification.
(m) A decision to grant relief requested under paragraph (k) will
take effect on the seventh day following the decision. If a request for
hearing on the proposed decision and order is filed in accordance with
§44.14 prior to the seventh day following the granting
of such relief, the relief will not become effective. If such request for
hearing on the proposed decision and order is filed after relief becomes
effective, the relief will expire immediately.