30 CFR § 49.12
Availability of mine rescue teams.
(a) Except where alternative compliance is permitted for small and
remote mines (§ 49.13), every operator of an underground mine
(1) Establish at least two mine rescue teams which are available at
all times when miners are underground; or
(2) Enter into an arrangement for mine rescue services which
assures that at least two mine rescue teams are available at all times
when miners are underground.
(b) Each mine rescue team shall consist of five members and one
alternate who are fully qualified, trained, and equipped for providing
emergency mine rescue service. Mine rescue teams for anthracite coal
mines, which have no electrical equipment at the face or working
section, shall consist of at least three members per team and one
alternate that may be shared between both teams.
(c) To be considered for membership on a mine rescue team, each
person must have been employed in an underground mine for a minimum of
1 year within the past 5 years, except that members of contract mine
rescue teams shall have a minimum of 3 years underground coal mine
experience that shall have occurred within the 10-year period preceding
their employment on the contract mine rescue team. For the purpose of
mine rescue work only, miners who are employed on the surface but work
regularly underground shall meet the experience requirement. The
underground experience requirement is waived for those miners on a mine
rescue team on February 8, 2008.
(d) Each operator shall arrange, in advance, ground transportation
for rescue teams and equipment to the mine or mines served.
(e) The required rescue capability shall be present at all existing
underground mines, upon initial excavation of a new underground mine
entrance, or the re-opening of an existing underground mine.
(f) No mine served by a mine rescue team shall be located more than
1 hour ground travel time from the mine rescue station with which the
rescue team is associated.
(g) As used in this subpart, mine rescue teams shall be considered
available where teams are capable of presenting themselves at the mine
site(s) within a reasonable time after notification of an occurrence
which might require their services. Rescue team members will be
considered available even though performing regular work duties or in
an off-duty capacity. The requirement that mine rescue teams be
available shall not apply when teams are participating in mine rescue
contests or providing services to another mine.
(h) Each operator of an underground mine who provides rescue teams
under this section shall send the District Manager a statement
describing the mine's method of compliance with this subpart. The
statement shall disclose whether the operator has independently
provided mine rescue teams or entered into an agreement for the
services of mine rescue teams. The name of the provider and the
location of the services shall be included in the statement. A copy of
the statement shall be posted at the mine for the miners' information.
Where a miners' representative has been designated, the operator shall
also provide the representative with a copy of the statement.