30 CFR § 57.4462
Storage of combustible liquids underground.
The requirements of this standard apply to underground areas only.
(a) Combustible liquids, including oil or grease, shall be stored in
non-glass containers or storage tanks. The containers or storage tanks shall
(1) Capable of withstanding working pressures and stresses
and compatible with the type of liquid stored;
(2) Maintained in a manner that prevents leakage;
(3) Located in areas free of combustible materials or in
areas where any exposed combustible materials are coated with one inch of
shotcrete, one-half inch of gunite, or other noncombustible material with
equivalent fire protection characteristics; and
(4) Separated from explosives or blasting agents, shaft
stations, and ignition sources including electric equipment that could create
sufficient heat or sparks to pose a fire hazard. Separation shall be
sufficient to prevent the occurrence or minimize the spread of fire.
(b) Storage tanks shall be vented or otherwise constructed to prevent
development of pressure or vacuum as a result of filling, emptying, or
atmospheric temperature changes. Vents for storage of Class II or IIIA
liquids shall be isolated or separated from ignition sources.
(c) At permanent storage areas for combustible liquids, means shall
be provided for confinement or removal of the contents of the largest storage
tank in the event of tank rupture.
(d) All piping, valves, and fittings shall be:
(1) Capable of withstanding working pressures and
(2) Compatible with the type of liquid stored; and
(3) Maintained in a manner which prevents leakage.