30 CFR § 77.215 Refuse piles; construction requirements.
(a) Refuse deposited on a pile shall be spread in layers and
compacted in such a manner so as to minimize the flow of air through the
(b) Refuse shall not be deposited on a burning pile except for the
purpose of controlling or extinguishing a fire.
(c) Clay or other sealants shall be used to seal the surface of any
refuse pile in which a spontaneous ignition has occurred.
(d) Surface seals shall be kept intact and protected from erosion by
(e) Refuse piles shall not be constructed so as to impede drainage or
(f) Refuse piles shall be constructed in such a manner as to prevent
accidental sliding and shifting of materials.
(g) No extraneous combustible material shall be deposited on refuse
(h) After October 31, 1975 new refuse piles and additions to existing
refuse piles, shall be constructed in compacted layers not exceeding 2 feet
in thickness and shall not have any slope exceeding 2 horizontal to 1
vertical (approximately 27°) except that the District Manager may approve
construction of a refuse pile in compacted layers exceeding 2 feet in
thickness and with slopes exceeding 27° where engineering data substantiates
that a minimum safety factor of 1.5 for the refuse pile will be
(i) Foundations for new refuse piles and additions to existing refuse
piles shall be cleared of all vegetation and undesirable material that
according to current, prudent engineering practices would adversely affect
the stability of the refuse pile.
(j) All fires in refuse piles shall be extinguished, and the method
used shall be in accordance with a plan approved by the District Manager. The
plan shall contain as a minimum, provisions to ensure that only those persons
authorized by the operator, and who have an understanding of the procedure to
be used, shall be involved in the extinguishing operation.
(Secs. 101, 508, Pub. L. 91-173, 83 Stat. 745, 803 (30 U.S.C. 811, 957), Pub. L. No.
96-511, 94 Stat. 2812 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et
[36 FR 9364, May 22, 1971, as amended at 40 FR 41776, Sept. 9, 1975; 47 FR
14696, Apr. 6, 1982; 60 FR 33719, June 29, 1995]