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MSHA -  Title 30 CFR

30 CFR § 47.11

Definitions of terms used in this part.


The definitions in Table 47.11 apply in this part as follows:

	Table 47.11--Definitions
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               Term                   Definition for purposes of HazCom
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Access............................  The right to examine and copy
                                     records.
Article...........................  A manufactured item, other than a
                                     fluid or particle, that--
                                    (1) Is formed to a specific shape or
                                     design during manufacture, and
                                    (2) Has end-use functions dependent
                                     on its shape or design.
Chemical..........................  Any element, chemical compound, or
                                     mixture of these.
Chemical name.....................  (1) The scientific designation of a
                                     chemical in accordance with the
                                     nomenclature system of either the
                                     International Union of Pure and
                                     Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) or the
                                     Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS),
                                     or
                                    (2) A name that will clearly
                                     identify the chemical for the
                                     purpose of conducting a hazard
                                     evaluation.
Common name.......................  Any designation or identification
                                     (such as a code name, code number,
                                     trade name, brand name, or generic
                                     name) used to identify a chemical
                                     other than by its chemical name.
Consumer product..................  A product or component of a product
                                     that is packaged, labeled, and
                                     distributed in the same form and
                                     concentration as it is sold for use
                                     by the general public.
Container.........................  (1) Any bag, barrel, bottle, box,
                                     can, cylinder, drum, reaction
                                     vessel, storage tank, or the like.
                                    (2) The following are not considered
                                     to be containers for the purpose of
                                     compliance with this part: (i)
                                     Pipes or piping systems; (ii)
                                     Conveyors; and (iii) Engines, fuel
                                     tanks, or other operating systems
                                     or parts in a vehicle.
Cosmetics and drugs...............  (1) Cosmetics are any article
                                     applied to the human body for
                                     cleansing, beautifying, promoting
                                     attractiveness, or altering
                                     appearance.
                                    (2) Drugs are any article used to
                                     affect the structure or any
                                     function of the body of humans or
                                     other animals.
CPSC..............................  The U.S. Consumer Product Safety
                                     Commission.
Designated representative.........  (1) Any individual or organization
                                     to whom a miner gives written
                                     authorization to exercise the
                                     miner's rights under this part, or
                                    (2) A representative of miners under
                                     part 40 of this chapter.
EPA...............................  The U.S. Environmental Protection
                                     Agency.
Exposed...........................  Subjected, or potentially subjected,
                                     to a physical or health hazard in
                                     the course of employment.
                                     ``Subjected,'' in terms of health
                                     hazards, includes any route of
                                     entry, such as through the lungs
                                     (inhalation), the stomach
                                     (ingestion), or the skin (skin
                                     absorption).
Foreseeable emergency.............  Any potential occurrence that could
                                     result in an uncontrolled release
                                     of a hazardous chemical into the
                                     mine.
Hazard warning....................  Any words, pictures, or symbols,
                                     appearing on a label or other form
                                     of warning, that convey the
                                     specific physical and health
                                     hazards of the chemical. (See the
                                     definitions for physical hazard and
                                     health hazard for examples of the
                                     hazards that the warning must
                                     convey.)
Hazardous chemical................  Any chemical that can present a
                                     physical or health hazard.
Hazardous substance...............  Regulated by CPSC under the Federal
                                     Hazardous Substances Act or EPA
                                     under the Comprehensive
                                     Environmental Response,
                                     Compensation, and Liability Act.
Hazardous waste...................  Chemicals regulated by EPA under the
                                     Solid Waste Disposal Act as amended
                                     by the Resource Conservation and
                                     Recovery Act.
Health hazard.....................  A chemical for which there is
                                     statistically significant evidence
                                     that it can cause acute or chronic
                                     health effects in exposed persons.
                                     Health hazard includes chemicals
                                     which--
                                    (1) Cause cancer;
                                    (2) Damage the reproductive system
                                     or cause birth defects;
                                    (3) Are irritants, corrosives, or
                                     sensitizers;
                                    (4) Damage the liver;
                                    (5) Damage the kidneys;
                                    (6) Damage the nervous system;
                                    (7) Damage the blood or lymphatic
                                     systems;
                                    (8) Damage the stomach or
                                     intestines;
                                    (9) Damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or
                                     mucous membranes; or
                                    (10) Are toxic or highly toxic
                                     agents.
Health professional...............  A physician, physician's assistant,
                                     nurse, emergency medical
                                     technician, or other person
                                     qualified to provide medical or
                                     occupational health services.
Identity..........................  A chemical's common name or chemical
                                     name.


Label.............................  Any written, printed, or graphic
                                     material displayed on or affixed to
                                     a container to identify its
                                     contents and convey other relevant
                                     information.
Material safety data sheet (MSDS).  Written or printed material
                                     concerning a hazardous chemical
                                     which--
                                    (1) An operator prepares in
                                     accordance with Table 47.52--
                                     Contents of MSDS; or
                                    (2) An employer prepares in
                                     accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1200,
                                     1915.1200, 1917.28, 1918.90,
                                     1926.59, or 1928.21 (OSHA Hazard
                                     Communication regulations); or
                                    (3) An independent source prepares
                                     which contains equivalent
                                     information, such as International
                                     Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC) and
                                     Workplace Hazardous Material
                                     Information Sheets (WHMIS).
Mixture...........................  Any combination of two or more
                                     chemicals which is not the result
                                     of a chemical reaction.
Ordinary consumer use.............  Household, family, school,
                                     recreation, or other personal use
                                     or enjoyment, as opposed to
                                     business use.
OSHA..............................  The Occupational Safety and Health
                                     Administration, U.S. Department of
                                     Labor.
Physical hazard...................  A chemical for which there is
                                     scientifically valid evidence that
                                     it is--
                                    (1) Combustible liquid: (i) A liquid
                                     having a flash point at or above
                                     100 deg.F (37.8 deg.C) and below
                                     200 deg.F (93.3 deg.C); or (ii) A
                                     liquid mixture having components
                                     with flashpoints of 200 deg.F (93.3
                                     deg.C) or higher, the total volume
                                     of which make up 99% or more of the
                                     mixture.
                                    (2) Compressed gas: (i) A contained
                                     gas or mixture of gases with an
                                     absolute pressure exceeding: (A) 40
                                     psi (276 kPa) at 70 deg.F (21.1
                                     deg.C); or (B) 104 psi (717 kPa) at
                                     130 deg.F (54.4 deg.C) regardless
                                     of pressure at 70 deg.F. (ii) A
                                     liquid having a vapor pressure
                                     exceeding 40 psi (276 kPa) at 100
                                     deg.F (37.8 deg.C) as determined by
                                     ASTM D-323-82.
                                    (3) Explosive: A chemical that
                                     undergoes a rapid chemical change
                                     causing a sudden, almost
                                     instantaneous release of pressure,
                                     gas, and heat when subjected to
                                     sudden shock, pressure, or high
                                     temperature.
                                    (4) Flammable: A chemical that will
                                     readily ignite and, when ignited,
                                     will burn persistently at ambient
                                     temperature and pressure in the
                                     normal concentration of oxygen in
                                     the air.
                                    (5) Organic peroxide: An explosive,
                                     shock sensitive, organic compound
                                     or an oxide that contains a high
                                     proportion of oxygen-superoxide.
                                    (6) Oxidizer: A chemical, other than
                                     an explosive, that initiates or
                                     promotes combustion in other
                                     materials, thereby causing fire
                                     either of itself or through the
                                     release of oxygen or other gases.
                                    (7) Pyrophoric: Capable of igniting
                                     spontaneously in air at a
                                     temperature of 130 deg.F (54.4
                                     deg.C) or below.
                                    (8) Unstable (reactive): A chemical
                                     which in the pure state, or as
                                     produced or transported, will
                                     vigorously polymerize, decompose,
                                     condense, or become self-reactive
                                     under conditions of shock,
                                     pressure, or temperature.
                                    (9) Water-reactive: A chemical that
                                     reacts with water to release a gas
                                     that is either flammable or a
                                     health hazard.
Produce...........................  To manufacture, process, formulate,
                                     generate, or repackage.
Raw material......................  Ore, valuable minerals, worthless
                                     material or gangue, overburden, or
                                     a combination of these, that is
                                     removed from natural deposits by
                                     mining or is upgraded through
                                     milling.
Trade secret......................  Any confidential formula, pattern,
                                     process, device, information, or
                                     compilation of information that is
                                     used by the operator and that gives
                                     the operator an opportunity to
                                     obtain an advantage over
                                     competitors who do not know about
                                     it or use it.
Use...............................  To package, handle, react, or
                                     transfer.
Work area.........................  Any place in or about a mine where a
                                     miner works.
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