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MSHA - Title 30 CFR
30 CFR § 57.22202
Main fans (I-A, I-B, I-C, II-A, III, V-A, and V-B mines).
(a) Main fans shall be--
(a) (1) Installed on the surface in noncombustible housings provided with noncombustible air ducts;
(a) (2) Except in Subcategory I-A mines, provided with an automatic signal device to give an alarm when the fan stops. The signal device shall be located so that it can be seen or heard by a person designated by the mine operator.
(b) Fan installations shall be--
(b) (1) Offset so that the fan and its associated components are not in direct line with possible explosive forces;
(b) (2) Equipped with explosion-doors, a weak-wall, or other equivalent devices located to relieve the pressure that would be created by an explosion underground. The area of the doors or weak-wall shall be at least equivalent to the average cross-sectional area of the airway.
(c)(1) All main fan-related electrical equipment and cables located within or exposed to the forward or reverse airstream shall be approved by MSHA under the appliable requirements of 30 CFR part 18;
(c) (2) Drive belts and nonmetallic fan blades shall be constructed of static-conducting material; and
(c) (3) Aluminum alloy fan blades shall not contain more than 0.5 percent magnesium. [Paragraph (c)(3) of this section does not apply to Subcategory I-C mines].
(d) When an internal combustion engine is used to power a main fan or as standby power, the engine shall be--
(d) (1) Installed in a noncombustible housing;
(d) (2) Protected from a possible fuel supply fire or explosion; and
(d) (3) Located out of direct line with the forward and reverse airstream provided by the fan. Engine exhaust gases shall be vented to the atomsphere so that exhaust cannot contaminate mine intake air.
(e) For Subcategory I-A mines only: Main exhaust fans shall be equipped with methane monitors to give an alarm when methane in the return air reaches 0.5 percent. The alarm shall be located so that it can be seen or heard by a person designated by the mine operator.
[52 FR, 24941, July 1, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 41397, Oct. 27, 1987]