30 CFR § 57.22606 Explosive materials and blasting units (III mines).
(a) Mine operators shall notify the appropriate MSHA District Manager
of all nonapproved explosive materials and blasting units to be used prior to
their use. Explosive materials used for blasting shall be approved by MSHA
under 30 CFR part 15, or nonapproved explosive materials
shall be evaluated and determined by the District Manager to be safe for
blasting in a potentially gassy environment. The notice shall also include
the millisecond-delay interval between successive shots and between the first
and last shot in a round.
(b) Faces shall be examined for proper placement of holes, possible
breakthrough, and water. Ammonium nitrate blasting agents shall not be loaded
into wet holes.
(c) Multiple-shot blasts shall be initiated with detonators encased
in copper-based alloy shells. Aluminum and aluminum alloy-cased detonators,
nonelectric detonators, detonating cord, and safety fuses shall not be used.
All detonators in a round shall be made by the same manufacturer.
(d) Nonapproved explosives shall be used only as primers with
ammonium nitrate-fuel oil blasting agents. Such primers shall be placed at
the back or bottom of the hole.
(e) Blast holes shall be stemmed with a noncombustible material in an
amount to confine the explosive charge. Breakthrough holes shall be stemmed
at both ends.
(f) Mudcaps or other nonapproved unconfined shots shall not be
(g)(1) Blasting units shall be approved by MSHA under 30 CFR part 25;
(2) Blasting units used to fire more than 20 detonators
shall provide at least 2 amperes through each detonator but not more than an
average of 100 amperes through one ohm for 10 milliseconds, and provide the
necessary current for at least the first 5 milliseconds with a cutoff not to
exceed 10 milliseconds.
[52 FR, 24941, July 1, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 41397, Oct. 27, 1987]