Operate powered industrial lift trucks in accordance with the manufacturer’s requirements and the facility’s rules and procedures. This list includes some of the primary operating requirements.
If you are driving a loaded truck, travel forward up an incline, and backward down an incline (keeping the load uphill). The center of gravity for the truck is close to the front drive wheels when loaded.
When driving an empty truck, travel in reverse up an incline, and forward down an incline (keeping the forks downhill). The center of gravity is near the center of the forklift when empty.
NEVER turn while driving up or down a ramp or incline. NEVER drive across a ramp or incline. Because lift trucks are built "narrow," the center of gravity can quickly shift outside the "stability triangle," causing the truck to tip over. (The "stability triangle" is discussed in the link to Appendix A of 29 CFR § 1910.178 on the previous "Forklift-Specific Standards" slide.)