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Mine Safety and Health At a Glance

04/14/2015

U.S. Department of Labor
Mine Safety and Health Administration

Safety and health in America's mining industry made significant strides during the 20th century and over the last 35 years in particular. In 1978, the first year the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) operated under the new Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, 242 miners died in mining accidents. MSHA continues to work to reduce injuries, illnesses and death through strong enforcement as well as active outreach, education and training, and technical support to the mining industry.

Downward trend of fatalities from 1978 to 2014. There were nearly 250 fatalities in 1978, and there were under 50 in 2014.

All Mine Safety and Health

CY
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Number of Mines 14,907 14,631 14,283 14,176 14,093 13,761 13,588
Number of Miners 392,746 355,720 361,176 381,209 387,878 374,522 365,406
Fatalities 53 35 72 36 36 42 44
Fatal Injury Rate1 0.0156 0.0119 0.0237 0.011 0.011 0.0132 0.0142
All Injury Rate1 3.25 3.01 2.83 2.75 2.56 2.49 2.43
Total Mining Area Inspection Hours/Mine2 56 59 63 62 61 59 58
Citations and Orders Issued3 173,550 173,076 170,065 156,392 139,000 118,279 121,646
S&S Citations and Orders (%) 0.27 0.29 0.32 0.29 0.26 0.25 0.26
Dollar Amount Assessed (Millions)4 143.4 137.4 163.5 161.4 122.9 94.2 86.2

Coal Mine Safety and Health

CY
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
Number of Coal Mines 2,129 2,076 1,944 1,973 1,871 1,701 1,630
Number of Miners 133,828 134,089 135,500 143,437 137,650 123,259 115,481
Fatalities 30 18 48 20 20 20 16
Fatal Injury Rate1 .0237 .0148 .0384 .0148 .0159 .0176 .0150
All Injury Rate1 3.89 3.69 3.47 3.43 3.16 3.11 3.10
States with Coal Mining 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
Coal Production (Millions of Tons) 1,172 1,075 1,086 1,095 1,018 984 1,000
Total Mining Area Inspection Hours/Mine2 227 238 259 258 250 248 252
FY Inspection Completion Rate (%) 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Citations and Orders Issued3 106,794 101,912 96,352 93,088 78,876 63,274 62,772
S&S Citations and Orders (%) 32% 30% 32% 31% 27% 27% 27%
Dollar Amount Assessed (Millions)4 111.5 96.5 110.7 120.2 89.4 64.9 54.5

*Preliminary

Metal and Nonmetal Mine Safety and Health

CY
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
Number of Metal/Nonmetal Mines 12,778 12,555 12,339 12,203 12,222 12,060 11,958
Number of Miners 258,918 221,631 225,676 237,772 250,228 251,263 249,925
Fatalities 23 17 24 16 16 22 28
Fatal Injury Rate1 .0107 .0098 .0134 .0084 .0079 .0108 .0137
All Injury Rate1 2.87 2.54 2.37 2.28 2.19 2.13 2.08
States with M/NM Mining 50 50 50 50 50 50 50
Total Mining Area Inspection Hours/Mine2 21 22 23 23 22 22 23
FY Inspection Completion Rate (%) 100 100 100 100 100 100 100**
Citations and Orders Issued3 66,756 71,164 73,713 63,304 60,124 55,005 58,874
S&S Citations and Orders (%) 21% 29% 31% 26% 25% 24% 25%
Dollar Amount Assessed (Millions)4 31.8 40.9 52.9 41.2 33.5 29.3 31.7

*Preliminary
**MNM completed 16,270 regular inspections in 2014.  Primarily because of the number of intermittent operations in MNM, its inspectors attempted but could not conduct another 559 regular inspections.  MNM conducted 100% of mandatory inspections at mines available for inspection in 2014.

Mine Contractors

CY
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
Coal Fatalities 12 8 4 6 2 2 3
MNM Fatalities 6 6 10 4 3 2 8
Total Fatalities 18 14 14 10 5 4 11
Coal Fatal Injury Rate1 .0456 .0331 .0158 .0220 .0077 .0088 .0143
MNM Fatal Injury Rate1 .0150 .0211 .0326 .0108 .0072 .0046 .0199
Total Fatal Injury Rate1 .0271 .0266 .0250 .0155 .0074 .0061 .0180

*Preliminary
1 Reported injuries per 200,000 hours worked
2 Total Mining Area Time includes: On-site Inspection Time (M/NM), MMU Pit Time (Coal), Outby Area Time (Coal), Surface Area Time (Coal), Citation/Order writing On-Site.  On-site inspection hours represent hours entered by Authorized Representatives of the Secretary (AR) for certain inspection activities and task codes.
3 Citations and orders are those not vacated
4 Based on date issued. Data for 2014 is not yet available.

For more information:
www.msha.gov - MSHA Office of Program Education and Outreach Services, (202) 693-9400