MSHA's Safety Targets Program
Hit By Equipment (Surface)
Do's and Don'ts
Surface Equipment Operation and Foot Travel at Mines
- Wear reflective materials on clothing when traveling on foot in areas where reduced lighting could affect personal safety.
- Use radios or other positive or certain means of communication to convey your travel intentions.
- Make visual contact with equipment operators before walking close to the machines.
- Be certain that all persons are clear before starting or moving equipment.
- Provide illumination sufficient for safe working conditions.
- Ensure a travel lane is clear before moving a vehicle. Train miners to not walk or stand in travel lanes.
- Look over your shoulder when backing up to eliminate blind spots. When using mirrors, use all available mirrors.
- Install "rear viewing" cameras on vehicles.
- Sound horns before moving equipment in areas where miners are present.
- Leave sufficient distance between mobile equipment to ensure that you are visible to other drivers.
- Remain in equipment cabs while staging trucks.
- Train all employees on proper work procedures and hazard recognition and avoidance.
- Turn the wheels of mobile equipment into a bank or berm, or properly block them when left unattended on a grade.
- Minimize situations where smaller vehicles need to approach large haul trucks (e.g., arrange for haul truck drivers to have supplies available at the pre-shift meeting place, rather than having supplies delivered to the truck).
- Equip smaller vehicles with flags or strobe lights, positioned high enough to be seen from the cabs of haulage trucks.
- Turn on all exterior lights and keep the cab windows free of condensation or other obstructions that affect visibility when driving in inclement weather or reduced visibility.
- Install signs or signals that warn of pedestrians where persons routinely cross plant roadways on foot.
- Ensure that all workplaces are kept clean and orderly.
- Establish rules and use signs or signals warning of hazards at locations where pedestrians and mobile equipment are both performing tasks.
- Exercise caution when approaching grades and operate mobile equipment in the appropriate gear at speeds consistent with the grade being traveled.
- Discuss job tasks and identify any potential hazards (conduct a risk analysis) before beginning any work. Identify safe work procedures and take action to eliminate any hazards.
- Utilize radios to communicate when visual contact cannot be maintained.
- Monitor personnel routinely to determine that safe work procedures are followed.
- Always disengage the transmission and set the park brake before leaving the cab.
- Never cross the path of a moving vehicle.
- Never turn your back to a vehicle moving in your direction.
- Don't tune out back-up alarms. Try to recognize the different equipment when more than one alarm sounds.
- Never assume that the driver has seen you through his/her mirrors.
- Never leave mobile equipment unattended unless the brakes are set
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