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Start of shift activities (Duty 1) Self assessment Lack of sleep Under influence of drug/alcohol Medical conditions Personal problems Emotional status Arrive at job site Receive briefing from foreman on job site and receive equipment assignments Specific work orders  Task schedule Work area and conditions Meet with previous shift to discuss job conditions Weather, road conditions, etc. Pre-Operational Activities (Duty 2) Obtain necessary tools and equipment Flashlight, rags, gloves and required PPE Observe for any unusual conditions Check if truck is setting level Check for body damage Approach the ladder Inspect the ladder/steps for defects Climb the ladder/steps Maintain 3-point contact Show video Use best practice cards Enter the cab Ensure parking brake is set and dash indicator light is working Explain parking brake markings Hand brake is not the parking brake Ensure selector lever is in neutral position and indicator light on dash is working Show photo of shifting tower Turn off master switch Remove key and put in pocket Explain why key is in your pocket Dismount from the truck Maintain 3-point contact Show video Use best practice cards Conduct walk around inspection Inform the trainee of the importance of the walk around including hazards associated with work area Begin on left front side of truck (proceed inspection toward left rear of truck) Check left front tire for cracks and seals for leakage, tread separation, side wall and cord damage Refer to MSHA Tire and Rim Awareness booklet Visually check lug nuts Make sure they are not loose, cracked, or missing Visually check rims for cracks and bends Check hydraulic/transmission  tank for leaks and that mounting bolts are secure Check hydraulic/transmission  tank level Explain sight glass markings and operating levels If levels are low, contact maintenance Check transmission and lines for leakage Check water tank mounting bolts Check left rear tires for cracks and seals for leakage, tread separation, side wall and cord damage Visually check rims for cracks and bends Visually check lug nuts Make sure they are not loose, cracked, or missing Refer to MSHA Tire and Rim Awareness booklet Check water tank for leaks or damage Check left side water nozzle Check rear end of truck Check rear frame for cracks and bends Check rear suspension cylinder for mounting bolts and leakage Explain suspension cylinder for equal height CAUTION:  If not correct height, contact maintenance immediately Check rear light assembly for damage Check back-up alarm (visually) Check water pump for leaks Check spray nozzles Check hydraulic lines to water pump for damage or leaks Check hose reel to ensure hose is secured on hose reel Check the rock ejectors between your rear tires Explain the use of rock ejectors Check right rear side of truck Check right rear tires for cracks and seals for leakage, tread separation, side wall and cord damage Visually check rim for cracks and bends Visually check lug nuts Make sure they are not loose, cracked or missing Refer to MSHA Tire and Rim Awareness booklet Check fuel tank and lines Check fuel level gauge Explain to trainee the purpose of checking fuel level If fuel gauge is not operating contact maintenance or supervisor Check for fuel leaks Check for fuel cap Make sure cap is on so fuel won't get contaminated and to maintain fuel pressure.  If no cap, get one or contact maintenance Ensure fuel tank mounts are secure Discuss spill kit procedures  Check right side frame for cracks Check water tank for leaks and ensure it is secured to frame Check right spray nozzle Check front right tire for cracks and for seals leakage, tread separation, side wall and cord damage Visually check rim for cracks and bends Visually check lug nuts Make sure they are not loose, cracked or missing Refer to MSHA Tire and Rim Awareness booklet Check belts, fan blades, and that all guards are in place and secure This is a visual inspection only to secure that all parts and pieces are there Notify maintenance of any defects Check front of truck Check radiator for leaks, damage, and build up of obstructions Mud, paper, anything to restrict the air flow Ensure headlights and parking lights are in place and not broken Ensure ladders, handrails, and steps are in place and secure Discuss 3-point contact Check tie-rod ends Grab tie-rod end and attempt to move by hand If any movement, this is an out of service criteria Inspect tie rods for proper lubrication Check front struts to ensure they are secured Check front struts for oil leakage Notify maintenance if leakage has been detected Mount truck via ladder Maintain 3-point contact, show video, use best practice card Check power steering tank for required level Should be at or above sight glass level mark Check exhaust system for cracks, holes, bends, leaks, and ensure it is secure Inspect water cannon Check the mounting Ensure proper movement Inspect air lines to cannon Inspect radiator Ensure all appropriate PPE is worn Crack open ball valve with your foot (to relieve radiator pressure) Caution: Explain pressure build up and temperature hazards Make sure all pressure is removed from the radiator Remove radiator cap Components maybe hot Check radiator for contamination and fluid level.  Fluid level must be 1" from the radiator top All fluid should be checked with truck sitting on level ground Install radiator cap and secure Close the ball valve To ensure pressure build up Check engine oil level  Marking on dip stick: one side is for engine shut off and one side if engine is running Check fire extinguisher mounted on deck Explain fire extinguisher procedures Check handrail for stability  Check and clean right side mirror Check outside of cab for damaged windows Explain window glass replacement  policy Check right side of cab door handles and hinges  Check catwalk for stability Check outside rear view mirror Check driver side door handles and hinges including straps Explain the purpose of straps Conduct in the cab inspection Inspect the seat Secure, clean, and functional Check the seat belt conditions Clean, frayed edges, operational condition  Install key in master switch and turn to on position Check for unsecured items and cleanliness Turn on ignition switch to first position Explain ignition switch has two positions and don't want the engine to start at this time Check emergency steering Flip switch to engage (located left of steering column) Ensure red light illuminates Check indicating lights All lights should work and buzzing noise should be heard Turn on ignition switch to second position to start engine Let engine warm up to build air, oil pressure, and water temperature Air gauge pressure should be 105-120 lbs. for operating condition Oil pressure and water temperature must show in the green Check fire extinguisher in cab to ensure it is secured and maintained Explain fire extinguisher procedures Check mirrors and adjust if necessary Check CB radio Explain communication channels and radio protocol Check horn The horn is a foot switch Check air wipers Ensure parking brake is applied Show fatalgrams of accidents that have occurred Put the shifting lever in reverse Check backup alarm by listening for the sound Alarm must be audible above the surrounding noise levels. If the alarm can't be heard, notify the supervisor. Put shifting lever into neutral after testing the alarm Check heater and/or AC to ensure they are working May need defroster Turn headlights on Dismount truck Maintain 3-point contact, show video and use best practice cards Outside walk-around (Engine Running) Starting at the front of truck Continuously observe the area for any obstacles or hazards around the area of the truck Check to ensure the front headlights are working Continuously listen for air leaks as you inspect around the truck If air leaks are detected, do not move truck, contact maintenance Look for any obvious leaks around and under the truck If any leaks are observed, contact maintenance Check the tail lights to ensure they are working Notify maintenance of any defects Fill out the pre-operational checklist Supervisor will collect the checklist sometime during the shift If there is a hazardous condition that was observed, contact your supervisor before operating truck Water Truck Loading (Duty 3) Water truck fill Climb up the loading platform Maintain 3-point contact, show video and use best practice cards Look in the hatch to see if the tank needs to be filled See "Water The Roads" Duty if tank is full Water Loading Ensure that the pipe is directly over the hatch Open the gate valve slowly Open the valve slowly because of the hammer affect Observe the rising water level Begin to slowly close the gate valve when the level gets approximately 3/4 full Close the valve slowly because of the hammer affect Close the valve when the water level gets to the bottom of the manhole Close the valve slowly because of the hammer affect Exit the walkway and proceed to the truck Enter the truck cab Water the Roads (Duty 4) Enter the cab using ladder Maintain 3-point contact Show video Use best practice cards Adjust seat Put on seat belt and adjust if necessary Show fatalgrams Engage front brake switch located to the left of the steering column, adjacent to the emergency steering switch Explain why the brake is on and instructor should also show marking indicating on and off position Engage the PTO Has to be done at low RPM's; if not it could damage pump Apply foot brake Disengage parking brake Select 1st gear When fully loaded, utilize 1st gear only.  Shift according to manufacture recommendations Notify personnel that the water truck is leaving the water station (CB radio) Explain the reason for communications Look in the mirrors (left and right) to ensure the areas are clear Discuss vehicle blind spots and show video Look to the left and right of the roadway for oncoming traffic Discuss fatalgrams Blow the truck horn three times To alert people that may be around the truck Accelerate slowly in 1st gear Avoid any jerking starts Check foot brake (after truck is in motion) Explain proper foot brake procedures Verify that brakes are operating properly Discuss and show fatalgrams Release foot brake Accelerate slowly in 1st gear Avoid any jerking starts Continue to accelerate and shift to 2nd gear prior to tachometer getting to the yellow mark Use manufacturer recommendation Continue to shift into the upper gears as above Always maintain a safe speed.  Always go down a grade in the same gear that you used to go up. Ask coal yard where they need water Notify yard loader operator that you are approaching area Important to communicate your location Open water valves Explain the conditions that warrant the number of valves to be used.  The amount and volume of water that is applied is determined by: weather, topography, road and traffic conditions i.e...haulage routes.  When wetting the black top roads use all three rear bars to wash off the road. In most cases, the roadways that have steep grades must only be spot wet. Remain in radio contact with personnel at all times Explain the reason for communications Continue to strategically wet the roads until the truck is empty Proceed to the water station (when truck is empty) Notify the coal yard that you are approaching water station Important to communicate your location Pull into the coal yard Apply foot brake and come to a complete stop Shift into reverse only when the machine has stopped Look for traffic and/or pedestrians in the mirror Look to the left and the right for traffic Announce on CB radio that you are backing across the road Put into reverse Let off of the foot brake Accelerate slowly across the road toward and under the water station Apply foot brake and stop when the rear tires are even with the markings on the ground Put in neutral Set parking brake Disengage the PTO Could cause equipment damage if PTO is not disengaged Exit the cab Maintain 3-point contact Show video Use best practice cards Ensure that all PPE is worn Check the condition of the planetary's Put hand near the planetary to check the temperature.  Do not touch the planetary because it may be extremely hot! Refer to Water Truck Loading Duty to fill the truck End of Shift Activities (Duty 5) Park the water truck at the water station following the steps in the Water the Roads duty Ensure that the truck is in neutral Ensure that the parking brake is applied Leave truck idling for at least 5 minutes for cool down Explain cool down procedures Turn off ignition switch Turn off master switch Ensure that key stays in the truck Remove seat belt Leave a note for the next operator if any truck condition warrants it Exit cab Ensure that all appropriate PPE is used Maintain 3-points of contact Show video Use best practice cards Ensure that the pipe is directly over the hatch Re-position truck if pipe is not over the hatch Proceed to the water valve Turn water valve on to fill truck Only fill approximately to 3/4 full when leaving after day shift and fill to capacity when leaving after night shift Refer to water filling duties Proceed to the field office Turn in all paperwork Leave mine safely Unusual Events (Duty 6) Tire Failure Reduce speed Maintain control of the steering wheel Apply brakes Use hand retarder or foot brake to stop as soon as possible Safely pull off to the side of the road Contact supervisor Steering Failure Engage the emergency steering switch Located on the left side of the steering column (dash mounted) Reduce speed by letting off of the accelerator Apply brakes Use hand retarder or foot brake to stop as soon as possible Safely pull off to the side of the road (if possible) Contact supervisor Medical Emergency Reduce speed Maintain control of the steering wheel Apply brakes Use hand retarder or foot brake to stop as soon as possible Safely pull off to the side of the road Call for emergency assistance Inform the trainee of the emergency medical procedures Runaway truck Let off accelerator to reduce  speed Activate all braking systems Apply foot brake Apply hand retarder Apply parking brake Use only at last resort Locate nearest berm or ditch Gradually steer truck into the berm or ditch Continue to steer truck to straddle the berm and/or maintain steering into the ditch Stop the truck as soon as possible Notify supervisor Validate the importance of staying in the safety of the cab.  Show fatalgrams