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Duty 1:  Start-of-Shift Activities Change clothes Get CSE SR-100 Check indicators Check seal and dents Remove from pouch monthly Check in/Tag in Obtain PPE Gloves Safety glasses Hearing protection Safety boots Respirator Reflective material on clothing Hard hat Get detector Check battery Zero out Get cap lamp with accessory receptacle Check charger On fully charged lamp, gauge will be off Get streamers Meet with foreman Obtain work assignments Discuss bolted/unbolted areas Discuss planned belt-ups Enter the mine Conduct pre-op on mantrip The miner operator normally operates the mantrip Check lights Ensure horn works Check foot pedal brake Check parking/emergency brake Check fire extinguisher Get rock bar, pump jack, and handle Check tires Check travel way conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Get on mantrip Put on safety glasses before mantrip moves Tram mantrip to face Use dynamic brake when going downgrade Travel at speed consistent with roadway conditions Park out of the way Set emergency brake Turn power switch off Duty 2:  Hot Seating (1st to 2nd shift) Check travelway conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Talk to other continuous miner operator Discuss condition of machine Discuss problems with remote, shutdown switch, etc. Discuss time frame for gas tests, if necessary Discuss roof conditions Discuss changes in bottom soft, wet, broken up Examine roof and rib Look for check curtains Put red streamers up Place on 2nd row back, place on each side of miner, no one may go past streamers when miner is in cutting cycle Check for unsupported roof signs One should be placed behind the curtain Placed at all approaches to unsupported areas Duty 3:  Starting Fresh (Day shift) Check work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Talk to mechanic on section Discuss water pressure 25 psi minimum Discuss sprays 17 sprays minimum per plan Discuss bits Discuss scrubber ductwork and screen cleanliness Discuss whether or not sump has been flushed This is part of the required dust parameters examination The mechanic will do these for you when possible Talk with foreman Discuss mining sequence Discuss any problems observed Discuss air readings and cut depths 2 cut sequence 4 cut sequence Obtain clearance to tram into the face Confirm methane exam has been made This is part of the required dust parameter examination Tram miner to face Allow for foreman to take scrubber reading Inform bridge crew where you are going and that you are starting up Position yourself  behind the miner in crosscut if at all possible Stay out of miner red zones Discuss Red Zones for CM and haulage Position yourself in a crosscut ahead of the miner until it passes Stay out of miner red zones Discuss Red Zones for CM and haulage Start mining Duty 4:  Conducting Dust Parameter Exam Check work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards De-energize miner Put water pressure gage on right side of miner near bull wheels Energize machine Activate water sprays with remote Count how many sprays are in operating condition 17 operating sprays minimum No more than one blocked spray in each spray bar Check scrubber sprays Not part of the 17 - a minimum of two must be in operating condition at all times Check blocker sprays Check water pressure with scrubber running 25 psi minimum De-energize miner Remove the pressure gage Clean out scrubber ductwork and screen Replace filter screen daily Remove demister cell and flush with water weekly Hose off top of miner Energize miner Check fire suppression Report results to foreman Foreman will initial box on side of miner Foreman will verbally communicate results to other miners Foreman will require mechanic to pitot the scrubber each shift Duty 5:  Pre-op Continuous Miner Check work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards De-energize and tag out machine at the load center Examine trailing cable Wear glove when handling cables Look for cuts Look for nicks Look for splices Splices must be more than 50' from the miner Count number of splices No more than four splices at beginning of shift No more than five splices at end of shift Walk around machine Look for oil leaks Look for missing parts/pieces Check work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Check to ensure all lights are in place Energize machine Check to make sure all lights are working Check all remote functions to ensure they are working properly Duty 6:  Tramming/Moving Miner Check travel way conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Notify front mobile man that  you are moving machine to the right side Energize machine Tramming machine CAUTION:  There are times when there is a slight delay when you activate the tram levers until the machine moves.  Continuous miners can continue to move (drift) after control levers are returned to the neutral position Position yourself at the tail of the RFM (low-belt) when moving around tail piece See schematic Make sure belt is off (bridge crew will handle) Shut miner down to move past miner Move to the front of the miner when clear of belt tail Position yourself in R1 outby crosscut Can see in front of you and see bridge runner Move slowly and allow bridges to catch up Caution around tailpiece and corners (high risk areas for pinch points) Move miner to R1 Check with foreman to make sure workplace exam, gas test, and ventilation parameters exam have been done If the foreman has not made these exams, you are required to make the exam - if in doubt, make exam Bridge operators will watch the antennas Antennas are slide markers Bridge operators will move in coordination with the continuous miner When slide markers are close to 4' apart, the bridge operator needs to close the gap Reposition yourself in R2 when mining R2 Method 1 of tramming to the left Notify front mobile man that  you are moving machine to the left side Miner operator needs to continuously communicate with the bridge crew Position yourself beside tail of the RFM (low-belt) inby the bits of the miner See schematic Back continuous miner along the RFM until you can turn into the backhole Flag front mobile man and jog coal chain once before tramming towards L2 Jogging coal chain informs bridge operator the miner operator is going to stop and go in the other direction. Swing miner into crosscut between belt and L1 Shut miner down to move past miner Crawl past miner into L1 Position yourself in L1 outby Move into L2 inby bits as miner approaches L1 Be aware of blind spots You must stay inby the continuous miner to do this Check with foreman to make sure workplace exam, gas test, and ventilation parameters exam have been done Method 2 of tramming to the left Notify front mobile man that  you are moving machine to the left side of section Miner operator needs to continuously communicate with the bridge crew Position yourself beside tail of the RFM (low-belt) inby the bits of the miner See schematic Back continuous miner along the RFM until you can turn into the backhole Flag front mobile man and jog coal chain once before tramming towards L2 Swing miner into crosscut between belt and L1 Shut miner down to move past miner Crawl past miner into L1 inby Tram past L1 up to L2 Shut miner down Crawl past miner into L2 outby Check with foreman to make sure workplace exam, gas test, and ventilation parameters exam have been done Method 3 of tramming to the left Notify front mobile man that  you are moving machine to the left side Miner operator needs to continuously communicate with the bridge crew Position yourself beside tail of the RFM (low-belt) inby the bits of the miner See schematic Back continuous miner along the RFM until you can turn into the backhole Flag front mobile man and jog coal chain once before tramming towards L2 Swing miner into crosscut between belt and L1 Continue tramming until you reach crosscut between L1 and L2 Shut miner down to move past miner Crawl past miner into L2 outby Check with foreman to make sure workplace exam, gas test, and ventilation parameters exam have been done Use Method 1 when going to L1 Duty 7:  Cutting coal Check work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Position yourself to cut coal Take right side cut Standing on the right side of the machine You need to conform to the red zone outline Standing on the left side of the mine Noise and dust exposure may be much greater standing on the scrubber side of the machine You need to conform to the red zone outline You need to conform to the red zone outline Caution - do not stand directly behind the conveyor of the miner - the conveyor chain can propel rock and coal at great speed and pressure Take left side cut Position yourself outby the streamers on right side of the miner You need to conform to the red zone outline Maintain as much distance from miner as possible to avoid pinch points and still be able to maintain width You need to conform to the red zone outline You need to conform to the red zone outline Caution - do not stand directly behind the conveyor of the miner - the conveyor chain can propel rock and coal at great speed and pressure Red zone pattern changes while cutting coal and depending on the entry you are in See diagram on mining sequences Discuss red zones for the CM and haulage Stay out of miner red zones Never allow anyone to be inby your physical position while cutting coal Turn sprays on Activate scrubber Start cutter heads Be back away from the face Put in high tram Start coal chains Pull heads up Nick roof Look for white smoke Listen for change in sound Sump in for 2 1/2 feet Drop heads Let them mill around for approximately 5-6 seconds Tram miner back until you see the heads fall on the bottom Tram straight back in until you hit the face Pull heads to the roof, sump in, begin mining Advance curtain to within 25' of machine Operator must always be outby the end of the curtain Curtain may only be advanced to the streamers while cutting Repeat cycle until you reach 40' mark Flag front mobile man that you are coming back Shut down the following machine functions cutters coal chain scrubber sprays Sprays need to remain on for at least 10 seconds after cutter heads are shut down Back out of cut Take curtain down enough to back miner out Back miner outby streamers Be aware of pinch points tip of bits rear corner of machine Hang unsupported roof signs Clean scrubber screen Pull the screen Tap it clean Replace screen and close door Conduct gas check every 20 minutes Use gizmo May be able to take complete cut within the 20 minute interval Hang curtain to the last row of bolts Signal bridge crew with cap lamp that you are going to move to the left side Discuss signals for "come ahead", "come back", etc. Never cross over or under a bridge until bridges are on the bottom and shut down Position miner to left side Repeat cut cycle until left side has been removed Cleanup cut Make two to three passes Signal bridge crew each time you move Make gas check for bolters Use gizmo Pull streamers on the way back out Notify bolters of time gas check was taken Thoroughly wash out scrubber screen before repeating cycle Duty 8:  Turn crosscut to the right (Belt to R1 and L2) Check work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Ensure workplace exam, gas tests, and dust parameter exam have been conducted Ensure ventilation controls, signage and streamers are in place Position yourself on left side of miner Follow cut sequence diagram Easier to stay on sites See schematic Caution - do not stand directly behind the conveyor of the miner - the conveyor chain can propel rock and coal at great speed and pressure Hook the right bull wheel into the start mark Foreman will measure back 16' from center to get start mark Slew the rear of miner around as much as possible toward the left rib Mine the corner approximately 16' 60 degree crosscut Follow coal cutting procedures After reaching the 16' mark, back it up out of the corner Mine left corner in about 10' Back up and reposition the miner to finish the right side cut Cut coal until you hit the 40' mark Move to left side and repeat cut cycle Clean up cut Make two to three passes Conduct gas test on left side with Gizmo 20 minute intervals and at end of cleanup Clean scrubber according to plan Duty 9:  Turn crosscut to the left  (Belt to L1 and R2) Check work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Ensure Workplace Exam, gas tests, and dust parameter exam have been conducted Ensure ventilation controls, signage and streamers are in place Position yourself on right side of miner (inby) on the site line Follow cut sequence diagram Do not stand directly in line with the cm conveyor chain -  the chain can propel rock or coal with great velocity and force Hook the left bull wheel into the start mark Foreman will measure back 16' from center to get start mark Slew the rear of miner around as much as possible toward the right rib Mine the corner  approximately 16' 60 degree crosscut Follow coal cutting procedures After reach 16' mark, back it up out of the corner Mine right corner in about 10' Slew miner around while taking corner and take right side in 40' Cut coal until you hit the 40' mark Move to left side and repeat cut cycle Clean up Make two to three passes Conduct gas test with Gizmo 20 minute intervals and at end of clean up Ensure scrubber has been cleaned according to plan Duty 10:  Belt-up Check travel way and work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Position miner outby RFM tail About four feet outby A roll of belt will be spotted Spot a splice at the tail Use vice-grips to hook roll of belt onto RFM belt Outby splice RFM belt will un-spool new belt Turn on RFM belt Run 100' back Shut belt off and lock-out Tram miner up past the tail Place the frame of the miner against the RFM tail  Push the RFM back to obtain slack belt Pull the spindle and hook the belt up Attach pull chain to draw bar on miner Pull RFM to next location with miner Keep RFM on sites Hook other end of the belt up Install structure Pull belt tight with miner Energize the RFM belt Start the RFM belt Communicate intention to start belt to other crew members Check for tracking Follow signaling procedures when moving continuous miner or starting RFM belt Clean belt line Reinstall belt back check Advance CO monitor Advance pull cord Advance water line Vent belt air to return Patch old return hole Duty 11:  Normal End-of-Shift Activities (Hot-seating) Talk to oncoming operator Discuss problems with remote, shutdown switch, etc. Discuss time frame for gas tests, if necessary Discuss roof conditions Discuss changes in bottom Soft, Wet, Broken up Check travel way conditions on the way out Always examine work area and work place for hazards Drive mantrip out Put on safety glasses before mantrip moves Check out Put methane detector back on charge Put light on charge Duty 12:  End-of-Shift (Saturday) Take only 20-foot cuts during the 2nd half of shift Check travel way and work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Back miner up along RFM Shut belt off Check ventilation Make sure proper danger signs are posted Shut water off at christmas tree De-energize all equipment at power center Contact outside that you are done loading Drive mantrip out Put on safety glasses before mantrip moves Check out Put methane detector on charge Put light on charge Duty 13:  Remote Box Functions Stay in sight of machine at all times while testing or using the box Give trainee adequate time to learn and practice these controls Have control diagram/drawing or practice box available for use in training Demonstrate Panic bar Push or Pull will shut the machine down Demonstrate Emergency Stop (E-Stop Kicks power to the load center Demonstrate installation of battery to remote box Start the pump motor Leave it in the pump cycle mode Demonstrate head function Up and down Demonstrate pan function Up and down Demonstrate tail function Up and down Demonstrate stab jack function Up and down Demonstrate fire suppression Turn on with remote Demonstrate how to shut off fire suppression manually after being activated Turn off at the miner Demonstrate function of  water sprays Demonstrate how to turn head lights off and on Demonstrate override of on-board panic buttons Panic buttons located on each side of machine Explain reasons for use Demonstrate tram speed switch Low and high tram Demonstrate tram levers function Forward, backward, left and right Demonstrate coal chain activation Demonstrate activating scrubber Demonstrate cutter head start procedure Trainee should be give a period to practice Power off practice initially Duty 14:  Using the Gizmo Shut machine down using panic switch on remote Accidental activation of remote box has caused serious injuries - always shut machine down when working in close proximity  Check work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Place Gizmo no further than 30" outby the tip of the bits on the right side gear case Activate methane detector Signal bridge crew Tram miner to face Deepest penetration Observe Gizmo as you are tramming to ensure that it stays in place Touch bits to face Observe reading Take a time check Flag the bridge man and back out Tell roof bolter operators time of gas test Duty 15:  Installing sight lines Check travel way and work area conditions Always examine work area and work place for hazards Find laser You can use other instruments to take sites Find spads Hang laser Paint center line from face 20' outby following laser beam Do not look into laser beam Duty 16:  Non-Routine Tasks/Unusual Activities Explain Fire-fighting duties Assist foreman with ventilation Show location of manual fire valves One each on left and right sides of miner and one back 40' on bridge Show escapeways Explain/Demonstrate Methane Monitor Signals (MMS) and Display Explain Display Display shows methane in tenths of a percent Flashes at 1.0 % Shuts machine off at 2.0 % Explain Signals Red signals on each side Shines solid with power on Flashes at 1.0 % Kicks power at miner at 2.0 % Explain procedures to follow when Methane approaches 1.0 % Slow cutting down Back away from face Resume normal cutting when percentage lowers Explain procedures to follow when 1.0% Methane is  Detected Stop cutting Back machine away from face Make adjustments to ventilation De-energize miner If methane reading remains 1.0 % or greater, test for gas with handheld detector Explain procedures to follow when 2.0% Methane is  Detected Machine will shut off automatically Make official methane examination Use probe and handheld detector If 2.0 % or over is detected Report to foreman All personnel except those needed to ventilate the methane should be removed from the area Foreman is required to re-examine all faces for gas Remove power from all equipment At load center Explain procedures to follow when machine breaks down inby permanent support Review applicable portion of the roof control plan Explain mining procedures to follow when bad roof is encountered No deep cuts Narrow the lift up Cut down loose rock Make roof bolters aware of roof conditions Using Probes Obtain probe Usually on bolter or by phone 20' and 40' probes available Stay under supported roof Put legs on end of probe 40' probe only Extend probe and slide to face To deepest penetration You may need to maneuver over the miner Take methane reading Retract probe Replace probe Procedures for crossing over/under bridges Never cross over or under a bridge until the bridges are on the bottom and shut down