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Conduct pre-blast meeting Review weather conditions Communicate number of holes Information from supervisor for communication purposes only Calculate bags per hole Calculate 3.94 lbs of anfo per linear foot Discuss reasons to turn electronic devices off i.e. 2-way radio Discuss reasons to avoid stepping on detonator cords Minimize foot traffic in blast area and no motorized vehicles Review reaons to always face the highwall (Don't turn your back to the ledge) Discuss stemming process One shovel of coarse stone and one shovel of fines/chips (layered) Discuss blast gases Yellowish-orange Stay out of cloud Do not breathe gases Remind Driller to communicate every hour with supervisor of status Communicate any needs and status of the Driller Note:  This is very important for those working alone Complete Blaster's log Log must be completed in it's entirety Enter date Enter time Enter name of quarry Enter specific location of face (north, south, east, west) Describe weather conditions Wind (speed, direction) Clouds Enter blaster's name Enter number of holes Enter depth of holes Enter spacing of holes Enter spacing of burden Enter amount of 25 ms 700 ms detonators Enter amount of boosters Enter amount of detonating cord Enter amount of 17 ms delays Sketch drill pattern Burden, spacing, face Enter total number of anfo bags Enter number of pounds of anfo per hole Enter time of detonation Note any misfires Site preparation Deliver stemming materials to blast site (front-end loader operator) Request made by blaster or supervisor Locate or place blaster's shed behind or to the side of shot Blaster shed must be constructed of a minimuym of 3/8" steel; place 300 - 500 eet away from blasting area away from blasting area Place and/or check for proper signage Signs are for general public and employees; Signs should be written in both English and Spanish Loading the hole Loading done by two persons Best practice (time) Load holes closest to the face and work your way back Spot the explosives around the hole Place anfo on one side of hole Place booster on opposite side on hole Place detonator on free side of hole Slide detonator through booster and fasten in second hole in the booster Follow proper task training according to manufacturer instructions Lower detonator and booster into the hole Pour anfo into hole Pour anfo into hole Measure depth of anfo with wooden pole This should be done by a second person Stop adding anfo at 10' from top of hole or maximum of 3 bags for a 35' hole Different hole depths will require different calculations Place stemming into hole Place one shovel of coarse and one shovel of fine Stemming must be level with top of hole Repeat process for each hole Never leave blast site unattended Unusual occurrences Misfire Notify affected workers Re-initiate blast notification Check connections and reconnect the 700 ms detonators Run new primer cord to blaster's shed Repeat blast notification procedures Blast Repeat post-blast procedures Lost hole Cancel the hole (back fill hole) To prevent misdirection of blast energy Return explosives to inventory Note cancelled hole on blaster's log X-thru explosives used or note "cancel" Approaching storm Stop loading Evacuate Secure area Column shift Treat as a misfire Wash explosives from hole Post blast procedures Prohibit entrance to site for 30 minutes Release access roads Resume business activities as normal Return to blast area after 30 minutes Check area for misfires; avoid gas exposure created by blast Visually check 700 ms for visible detonation Look for cap to be blown Will be opened up with black powder; Last one on each row indicates detonation Blast notification Notify all equipment operators with radios to barricade roads Notify scale house to contact fire department Remove all personnel from blast area (at least 1000' from site) Call shot firer and instruct him to prime the blast Radio each check point for final confirmation Licensed blaster will make a final check and initiate blast Connecting the shot Clear area except for authorized personnel Remove van and all equipment Run detonating cord to blasters shed Make primer cord and blast hole connections Refer to blasters chart Walk the blast site after all connections are made