Skip to content
6. Drilling Send in lay out tools and materials 50 foot tape Can of lay out paint Ball of string Two plumb bobs Wooden plug One panning board 8 and 16 penny nails Bench hammer Listen for signals to turn off air and water Close air valve Use hearing protection Bleed air off slowly Close water valve Send in mantrip bucket with collar pipe 135 to 185 2" PVC cut approximately 16" hookup to derrick Signal hoist operator to pick up bucket Clean the bottom Signal hoist operator to hole Travel to crow's nest when signaled to observe mantrip Obtain the bell button Observe personnel being hoisted out of the hole Listen for signals from personnel Observe cable for shake or whip This indicates that bucket has contacted an obstruction Signal hoist operator to stop at indication of a problem Signal hoist operator to pull backhoe Travel to other crow's nest Obtain the bell button Observe cable for shake or whip This indicates that backhoe has contacted an obstruction Signal hoist operator to stop at indication of a problem Assist with landing the backhoe Stay in communication with hoist operator Unhook backhoe Signal hoist operator to go to the drill rig hookup drill rig Observe chain being lifted up to ensure that it doesn't catch on equipment Signal to lift Stand back and signal to hoist operator to swing toward hole Steady drill rig Do not travel under drill rig Stay out of pinch points while lift is occurring Signal to hoist operator to swing to the shaft center Go to crow's nest Observe that the drill rig is on center and steady Signal to hoist operator to lower to bottom Listen for contact with obstructions as it is being lowered Observe cable for shake or whip This indicates that drill rig has touched bottom or contacted an obstruction Signal hoist operator to stop at indication of a problem Send personnel into hole hookup mantrip bucket Ensure self-rescuers are in the mantrip bucket Signal hoist operator to lift the bucket Clean bottom of bucket Signal hoist operator to swing to mantrip center Travel to the crow's nest Obtain the bell button Signal hoist operator to lower personnel Observe personnel being lowered into the shaft Listen for signals from personnel Observe cable for shake or whip This indicates that bucket has touched bottom or contacted obstruction Signal hoist operator to stop at indication of a problem Listen for signals to turn on air and water Warn personnel in the hole air is coming on Listen for response Turn air on slowly Listen for major air leaks during the shift If leaks are heard, turn off immediately Turn water valve on Travel into hole to drill See Shaft Worker JTA Travel to crow's nest Observe the pulling of the drill rig Obtain the bell button Observe cable for shake or whip This indicates that drill rig has  contacted an obstruction Signal hoist operator to stop at indication of a problem Assist with landing the drill rig Stay in communication with hoist operator Unhook drill rig 7. Blasting Send personnel into hole hookup mantrip bucket Ensure self-rescuers are in the mantrip bucket Signal hoist operator to lift the bucket Clean bottom of bucket Signal hoist operator to swing to mantrip center Travel to the crow's nest Obtain the bell button Signal hoist operator to lower personnel Observe personnel being lowered into the shaft Listen for signals from personnel Observe cable for shake or whip This indicates that bucket has touched bottom or contacted obstruction Signal hoist operator to stop at indication of a problem Unhook shaft bucket and hookup powder magazine Ensure magazine is ready Loading poles Blow pipe Black tape Powder punch Galvanometer Ensure loading poles and blow pipe are secured to the magazine Signal hoist operator to pick up magazine Ensure bottom of magazine is clean before lowering into hole Signal hoist operator to send magazine in the hole Assist in landing magazine Unhook the magazine Send in stemming bucket Ensure gravel bucket is full with stemming Hook to bucket Signal hoist operator to pick up stemming bucket Clean bottom of stemming bucket Signal to hole hookup bulk loader Ensure bulk loader is weighed Record weight Raise bulk loader enough to clean and trim Signal hoist operator to lower into hole Wait for signal to turn on 1-1/4" air line Listen for signals to turn on air Warn personnel in the hole air is coming on Listen for response Turn air on slowly Wait for signal to turn off 1-1/4" air line and bleed off Turn off valve Open bleeder valve slowly Ensure hearing protection is worn Assist in landing the bulk loader Ensure bulk loader is weighed Record weight Signal to hoist operator to lower empty hook into hole Wait for signal from hole for shooting cable Lower shooting cable Check shooting cable Unshunt shooting cable Listen for signal from bottom to touch wire leads together Wait for OK from bottom Reshunt shooting cable Assist landing stemming bucket Mark phone line and pull up Send in sand bucket Required in close proximity of homes Ensure sand bucket is full with sand Hook to bucket Signal hoist operator to pick up sand bucket Clean bottom of sand bucket Signal to hole Send in blasting mats Hook cable to mats Instruct hoist operator to shake mats Inspect mats for loose materials Signal bottom that mats are coming in Signal hoist operator to lower into hole Hook to mantrip bucket Signal hoist operator to lift bucket Clean bottom of bucket Signal hoist operator to lower bucket into hole Wait for signal from hoist operator for mantrip Refer to sending personnel in hole Pull up bell lines Turn off fan and heater Heater must be off before fans are turned off Wait for all clear signal after shot goes off Turn on fan Wait for smoke to clear Lower the bell and phone lines Blow off coping using blow pipe hookup 1- 1/4" air line to blow pipe Install whip checks Slowly turn on air Blow off coping and ensure that all rocks are blown off 8. Concrete Work Install panning Place panning tin on scaffold Direct hoist operator to make hookup to scaffold Ensure chains do not foul with the tin Tin will be placed over railings on scaffold Ensure everyone is clear of tin when scaffold is raised up Tin will be placed over railings on scaffold See Shaft Worker's JTA on panning Unhook from scaffold Hook to backhoe Follow procedures for lowering and pulling backhoe Set pads hookup to mantrip bucket Travel to crow's nest Observe personnel being lowered into hole Follow mantrip procedures Send in pad bucket with supplies 8 to 12 pads Female dowel rods Water stop Pad box (see pad box list of items) Three sledge hammers Two picks Two shovels Shaft bar Laser level Two 2 foot levels Air regulator 3/4" air hose Brad nailer Send in gravel bucket Signal hoist operator to raise Clean bottom and chute of bucket Signal hoist operator to drop into hole Send starting ring into the hole Hook two sections of starting ring to hoist Allow hoist operator to perform a light drop test before lowering into the hole Examine starting ring sections for loose debris Repeat process for other two sections of starting ring hookup second gravel bucket Signal hoist operator to raise Clean bottom and chute of bucket Signal hoist operator to drop into hole Load scaffold with straight steel Insert chain/sling on each end of straight steel Signal hoist operator to lift straight steel and swing overtop of scaffold Signal hoist operator to lower steel onto hand rails Make sure boot is on correct side of scaffold Secure cable around railing with clevis Send radius steel into the hole Signal hoist operator to swing to radius steel Hook up to radius steel Signal hoist operator to raise the steel Check the hookup and all the steels in the boots Check for loose debris Signal to hoist operator to send the radius steel in the hole Ready the mantrip Follow procedures for hoisting personnel Send scaffold with straight steel into the hole Place hook on scaffold Ensure chains do not foul Ensure everyone is clear when scaffold is raised up Assist with the landing of the scaffold Unhook scaffold Set the scaffold out of the way using forklift Load mantrip bucket with form tools Impact gun and 1-1/4" socket Drift pins 2 pound hammers Extra bolts, nuts, and washers Crescent wrenches Speed wrenches 1-1/4" Send personnel back into hole Travel to crow's nest Refer to Hoisting Personnel Unhook from empty bucket Oil forms Check and remove tools on top of forms and shelves Send shaft form into the hole Hook to shaft form Signal hoist operator to raise shaft form high enough to  clean bottom and steady Lower form pins on rings Nos. 2, 3, 4 and enclosure Signal hoist operator to go to the shaft center and lower form into the hole Repeat process until all four form sections are in the hole Send bucket back into the hole and bring the crew up Follow procedures for mantrip Unhook from bucket Set forms scaffold, forms, and concrete pour Place hook on scaffold Ensure chains do not foul Ensure everyone is clear when scaffold is raised up Signal hoist operator to place scaffold on the ground Load scaffold with materials Track jacks and handle 6" X  6" X 1' blocks Vibrator Signal to hoist operator to lower scaffold into the hole Travel to the crow's nest Follow mantrip procedures Hook up to radius steel Signal to hoist operator to send steel into the hole Hook up concrete bucket Signal hoist operator to boom up to concrete center Place some boards on ground for bucket to sit on Signal hoist operator to lower bucket to the ground Instruct concrete crew to fill bucket with concrete Trim the concrete bucket Instruct hoist operator to raise bucket and clean bottom Signal hoist operator to lower bucket into the hole Repeat process for dropping forms four more times Prep enclosure bucket Oil doors and place in bucket Place three sledge hammers in bucket Add water nozzle Add three square shovels Add three trowels Pull and patch enclosure Burlap Bucket of sand Bucket of cement Mixing box Mixing hoe Concrete sponges and rubbing stones Bucket of water Pull forms and retrieve Assist in landing forms as they are retrieved Two person job Unhook from forms Pressure wash forms Repeat until all remaining forms have been retrieved 9.  Other Activities Empty all garbage Sweep and clean dry house Sweep and clean bathhouse Sweep and clean muck room Sweep and clean lamp house Keep walkways clear of all debris and materials Change and dispose oil rags Change oil drums Use forklift See forklift JTA Get help Examine chains for defects Pick up and place tools in designated locations Clean nail and screw guns Cut collar pipe Use band saw Task trained required Cut sections 16" Place cut sections in pipe drum Cut panning boards Use band saw Task trained required Cut 1" rough cut boards into 16" pieces Stack neatly onto a pallet Make up shooting cable leads Obtain shot wire Cut into 15 to 20 foot sections Tape three runs together Skin the ends and shunt together Coil and store neatly or attach to shooting cable Prep forms Obtain broad blade putty knife, burlap, air chisel, and wire brush Scrape form skins Scrape the top and sides Chip the back out using air chisel if necessary Use appropriate PPE Grease the jacks Check bolts and clean/replace if necessary Weighing the bulk loader Obtain the forklift Task trained required Obtain bulk loader Disconnect chain and ground wire Obtain the scale Hook the scale over the fork with nylon strap Center scale over top of bulk loader Turn on and zero scale Press and hold zero button Hook to bulk loader Raise off the ground Make sure bulk loader is not touching forklift for accuracy Report reading to blaster in charge Set on ground Turn off and remove scale Return bulk loader and scale to storage area Reconnect chain and ground wire Pressure wash equipment Obtain pressure washer Task trained required Check oil, gas, and fuels Run water through hose Turn off water hookup hose Turn water on Squeeze nozzle handle to bleed air out of line Start the gasoline engine Turn burner on Wear PPE Safety glasses Muck suit Gloves Squeeze nozzle to operate Caution:  Do not direct pressurized water toward yourself or other persons Prep shaft scaffold Examine scaffold for necessary tools Three picks One shaft bar One sledge hammer Pole axe Pipe wrenches 1/2" and 3/4" socket set Two crescent wrenches 2 pound hammer PVC glue and primer Pipe dope Screw driver Insert wrench Prep for service lines and vent tubes Add vent tube bracket Add service line bracket Add four to six 2" x 3/4" bolts and washers Add vent tube ring Add vent tube ring tightener Attach pipe hanger and pipe Add nylon strap for vent tube Add roustabout Prep to hang hoses and scale rib after shot Add 1-1/4" hose (20 feet) Add bull hose Add water regulator Add air light Add vent bag Add 9 wire Prep to pan Add air regulator Add 3/4" air hose Add quick connect (1" to 3/4" adapter) Add two nail guns and nails Add air tool oil Add screw gun Add panning boards (at least 40 16" pieces) Add male dowel rods (55 to 78) Add tin bars Add 50' tape Add ball of string Add can of marker paint Add ramset gun, shot, and nails Install panning tin boots Prep vibrator Visually inspect Hose Concrete build up Dents Check oil Remove plug Fill with air tool oil hookup and test run Clean jacks and other tools Visually inspect Clean with wire brush Clean teeth on track jack Oil all moving parts on the jack Install inserts and blocks on forms Install blocks with wide side in concrete Only placed on ring one Install inserts at pre-designated location on form Inserts are used to bolt service line and vent tube brackets Prep shaft plumb buckets Look for buckets in oil storage area filled 3/4 full with used oil Use caution when moving around Return to the oil storage area Do not empty until ordered to do so Prep for making up tins Assemble tools for making up tins 1-1/4" to 3/4" air line adapter Air regulator at 80 psi Screw gun and screws 3/4" air hose 2 picks 2 hog hooks 9 wire Wire cutters Have tin boots ready for loading Number each section of tins assembled Install cable after each section of tin on top boot Prep Shotcrete machine Obtain machine from designated area Look inside of machine for obstructions Hook up hoses Ensure breaker is off before plugging machine in Set bulk bags on Shotcrete machine center Obtain Shotcrete bag bridles Prep Shotcrete bucket Obtain Shotcrete hoses and place in bucket Obtain clean water body Obtain 4 Shotcrete hose clamps Obtain 8 penny nails Obtain black tape Obtain 3/4" hose Obtain 1-3/4" to 3/4" reducer Obtain 20 X 20 tarp Place all materials into bucket Prep for slabbing Prep scaffold for slabbing Obtain mixing box Obtain 2" X 6" X 5' slab boards (16 to 24) Obtain 2 trowels Obtain mixing hoe Obtain two 5-gallon bucket dry cement Obtain boxes of tar strips Obtain two 5-gallon bucket hardwood wedges Obtain 2 ramset gun shots and nails Obtain 5-gallon bucket of shims Obtain 5-gallon bucket of water Obtain 4 foot level Obtain two-way radios Obtain 2 crow bars Obtain 2 hammers Obtain 2 concrete sponges Obtain 2 scoops Obtain shovel Place all materials on shaft scaffold and secure as needed Prep concrete mixer area Obtain bag cement Obtain fine mortar sand Obtain shaft bucket of water Obtain shovel Obtain 3 empty buckets Obtain trowel Obtain 2" X 6" X 5' slab boards Obtain boxes of tar strips Operate cement mixer Task trained required 10. End-of-Shift Activities Return PPE Talk to oncoming top man Report any needed materials to the night walker or superintendent Proceed to dry house to change clothes Check out at lamp house or dry house Sign out at mailbox 11. Emergency/Non-routine Tasks Lack of Power Review/Discuss procedures for utilizing generator Follow start up procedure listed on generator Operate generator weekly (Sunday) while checking cables Provide task training Rag cables weekly (Sunday day shift) See cable examination Respond to broken air lines Beware of sounds around you If loud burst of air is heard, proceed to shaft, open the bleeder, and shut off the air Contact the shaft for further instructions Respond to lightning Be on the look out for thunder storms Listen for thunder Place workers on storm watch if any signs of lightning Remove workers from shaft Respond to emergency bell 12. Winter procedures Drain shaft water lines Disconnect the water line at the top of the hole Blow water line out with compressed air Instruct personnel in the hole to drain water line Drain pond water lines Blow water line out from tank to pond Drain water ring lines after water ring is pumped out Disconnect the water line at the top of the hole Lines will drain back to the pump Drain pressure washer Salt and sand walkways anytime there is freezing weather Remove snow from coping Turn off heater before turning off ventilation fan Heat drill rig Plug in oil tank heater Wrap drill rig with tarp Preheat with torpedo heater 2 to 3 hours before drilling