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Rules to Live By: Prevent Fatalities

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“Rules to Live By” is an initiative started in 2010 to prevent mining deaths by focusing on the most commonly cited standards that have caused or contributed to fatal accidents in the mining industry. The initiative encompasses industry outreach and education components combined with enhanced enforcement efforts.

MSHA analyzed the cause of death of hundreds of US mining fatalities over a ten year period to identify the conditions and practices that contributed to the fatalities, safety standards violated, root causes, and abatement practices. The result is our four part “Rules to Live By” initiative that focuses on 29 standards that apply to coal mines and 20 standards applying to metal and nonmetal mines.

Rules to Live By I: Fatality Prevention

Focuses on 24 frequently cited standards (11 in coal mining and 13 in metal/nonmetal mining) that cause or contribute to fatal accidents in the mining industry in 9 accident categories
Rules to Live By I Training Program

Rules to Live By II: Preventing Catastrophic Accidents

Focuses on standards which were cited during major disasters over the last 10 years, and which contributed to 5 or more fatalities
Rules to Live By II Training Program

Rules to Live By III: Preventing Common Mining Deaths

Focuses on 14 safety standards - 8 in coal mining and 6 in metal and nonmetal mining - cited as a result of at least five mining accidents and resulting in at least five deaths during the 10-year period from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2010
Rules to Live By III Training Program

Rules to Live By IV: Preventing Common Mining Deaths

Focuses on 2 safety standards – 1 in coal mining and 1 in metal and nonmetal mining – cited as a result of at least five mining accidents and resulting in at least five fatalities during the 10-year period from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015.
Rules to Live By IV Training Program

Compliance with safety and health standards is the responsibility of mine operators. While MSHA supports education and outreach efforts to assist the mining industry in improving mine safety and health, MSHA is charged with ensuring consistent and strict compliance with safety and health standards, and expects operators to foster a culture of zero tolerance for violations in their operations, including violations by contractors.

Monitor a Mine’s Compliance with “Rules to Live By” Standards

MSHA’s Rules to Live By Calculator allows mine operators, miners and others to calculate a mine's violation rate for the standards most often associated with fatal accidents, as identified in MSHA's “Rules to Live By” initiative.